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Niger Facts Niger Flag Niger Map


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Niger profile
landlocked;

one of the hottest countries in the world;

northern four-fifths is desert, southern one-fifth is savanna, suitable for livestock and limited agriculture
Niger history
Niger became independent from France in 1960 and experienced single-party and military rule until 1991, when Gen. Ali SAIBOU was forced by public pressure to allow multiparty elections, which resulted in a democratic government in 1993. Political infighting brought the government to a standstill and in 1996 led to a coup by Col. Ibrahim BARE. In 1999, BARE was killed in a counter coup by military officers who restored democratic rule and held elections that brought Mamadou TANDJA to power in December of that year. TANDJA was reelected in 2004 and in 2009 spearheaded a constitutional amendment that would allow him to extend his term as president. In February 2010, a military coup deposed TANDJA, immediately suspended the constitution and dissolved the Cabinet. ISSOUFOU Mahamadou emerged victorious from a crowded field in the election following the coup and was inaugurated in April 2011. Niger is one of the poorest countries in the world with minimal government services and insufficient funds to develop its resource base. The largely agrarian and subsistence-based economy is frequently disrupted by extended droughts common to the Sahel region of Africa. The Nigerien Movement for Justice, a predominately Tuareg ethnic group, emerged in February 2007, and attacked several military targets in Niger's northern region throughout 2007 and 2008. Successful government offensives in 2009 limited the rebels' operational capabilities. Niger is facing increased security concerns on its borders from various external threats including insecurity in Libya and spillover from the rebellion in Mali.
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Conventional long form: Republic of Niger

Conventional short form: Niger

Local long form: Republique du Niger

Local short form: Niger
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Niger's capital city is Niamey
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Niger Constitution:

adopted 31 October 2010
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Niger population growth rate: 3.36%
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Niger highest point: Idoukal-n-Taghes 2,022 m
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Niger lowest point: Niger River 200 m
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About 11% of Niger's land is arable.
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Niger birth rate is 48 births/1,000 population
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Niger infant mortality rate is 90 deaths/1,000 live births
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Niger fertility rate is 7 children born/woman
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Niger climate:

desert;
mostly hot, dry, dusty;
tropical in extreme south
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Top 10 cities of Niger with populations (2012 est.) are:
1. Niamey: 774,235
2. Zinder: 191,424
3. Maradi: 163,487
4. Alaghsaz: 88,561
5. Tahoua: 80,425
6. Dosso: 49,750
7. Birni-N'Konni: 48,103
8. Tessaoua: 35,775
9. Gaya: 33,051
10. Dogondoutchi: 31,767
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Niger ethnic groups:

Haoussa - 55.4%
Djerma Sonrai - 21%
Tuareg - 9.3%
Peuhl - 8.5%
Kanouri Manga - 4.7%
other - 1.2%
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Niger Exports:

uranium ore
livestock
cowpeas
onions
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Niger Imports:

foodstuffs
machinery
vehicles and parts
petroleum
cereals
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unicameral National Assembly (113 seats; members elected by popular vote to serve five-year terms)

Administrative Divisions:
8 regions (regions, singular - region) includes 1 capital district* (communite urbaine).
1. Agadez
2. Diffa
3. Dosso
4. Maradi
5. Niamey*
6. Tahoua
7. Tillaberi
8. Zinder
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic and Social Convention-Rahama (CDS-Rahama) - Mahamane OUSMANE
National Movement for a Developing Society-Nassara (MNSD-Nassara)
Niger Social Democratic Party (PSDN)
Nigerien Alliance for Democracy and Social Progress-Zaman Lahiya (ANDP-Zaman Lahiya) - Moumouni DJERMAKOYE
Nigerien Democratic Movement for an African Federation (MODEN/FA Lumana)
Nigerien Party for Democracy and Socialism (PNDS-Tarrayya) - Mahamadou ISSOUFOU
Rally for Democracy and Progress-Jama'a (RDP-Jama'a) - Hamid ALGABID
Social and Democratic Rally (RSD-Gaskiyya - Cheiffou AMADOU
Union for Democracy and the Republic-Tabbat (UDR-Tabbat)
Union of Independent Nigeriens (UNI)
note: the SPLM and SPLM-DC are banned political parties